Small Heath (Coenonympha pamphilus)

Cheshire local information

When to see: June-August

Where to see: Unimproved grassland on well-drained soil.

Behaviour: Patrol

Wingspan: 33-37mm

Caterpillar food plant: Bents (Agrostis spp.), Fescues (Festuca spp.)

Cheshire status: Formerly common and widespread, but has declined significantly during the twentieth century. Still resident in small numbers on the Wirral and in the Pennine foothills, but absent from much of the Cheshire Plain. Preferred habitat is unimproved grassland on well-drained soils. Two overlapping broods with the larger first emergence peaking in mid-June and the second brood flying during July and August.

Resources

Spotlight on Cheshire Butterflies: the Small Heath

Small Heath butterfly